Khan Bahadur Ahsanullah (R.)

Dhaka Ahsania Mission (DAM) a leading national NGO in Bangladesh. It has been working since 1985 with the poor and disadvantaged people for livelihood training and employment support. From 2011 DAM has taken initiatives to develop skilled workers of Ready Made Garment sector in the rural and coastal areas of northern side of Bangladesh. Initially DAM considered tow rural and coastal based upazilla named Sarishabari and Dewangonj of district Jamalpur. Under the financial support of The Embassy of Japan DAM built two CRCs and equipped them with the RMG machineries for training of RMG sector courses, ie Sweater knitting operator, Sweater Linking operator and Garments sewing machine operators courses. DAM established the training program in March 01, 2011 and after that the RVTCS are formally opened by the Honourable Ambassador of Japan and DAM Executive Director along with Director Programs on May 14 & 15, 2011. The skills development training program has been well appreciated by the employers of the RMG sector as well as the community people for giving a viable training support to the poor and disadvantaged adolescents and youths who never could have such opportunity.
The activities of the rural vocational training centres are aimed at empowering especially the young and underprivileged women by providing technical and social skills to improve their employment opportunity, income and upgrade social status as well as to benefit employers through improved performance by creating skilled operators for Ready Made Garment sector both in Sweaters and woven & knit garments sectors.
The RVTCs targeted and given priorities to the unemployed and underemployed men and women between the age group of 18 to 25 years who are from ultra poor, disadvantaged, disabled and women headed families, many of who are unskilled or retrenched garment workers living in urban slums came from remote coastal  and rural areas.
The project activities are implementing through the Technical and vocational training centers of DAM located at distant rural  district , Jamalpur. These two centers are well furnished, decorated and equipped with necessary modern machineries and tools. DAM ensured one machine to each participant to develop skills as competitive and quality garment operators.
The project offers RMG training courses designed for garment manufacturing industries (Readymade garment trades):
Garment Machine Operator course (Woven and knit Garment), Sweater knitting operators course and Sweater linking operators course..
The duration of the course is 384 contact hours spread over two months (8 weeks), Technical training 282 hours, Life skills and social compliances training 102 hours. There are two course Instructors and one ESO directly involve with this activities of the project.
It is observed that the RMG sector training has been able to bring a tremendous success in the employment of the poor and low literate men and women in Bangladesh. At present over 3 million people are working in the garment industries of whom two-third are women. The demand for skilled garment workers is increasing day by day. If the project activities are continued it is predicted that the unskilled, underemployed, socially, economically and physically handicapped adolescent and youths girls would be able to develop their living and social status. As a result the garment industries can also increase productivity with quality products.Goal and Objective: 

Goal: To empower especially the young and under-privileged men and women by providing technical and social skills, which enabled them to improve their employment opportunity, income level and social standing and to benefit employers through improved work performance by creating skilled RMG sector operators.

Objectives :

  • To empower 432 young, underprivileged men and women to operate and maintain RMG machines by providing technical and social skills, which enable them to find employment and income to deal better with general, social and livelihood issues.
  • To provide skilled RMG machine operators in the RMG sector which will  meet the demand in industry and help improve social, environmental and production standards.
  • To minimize the migration of young men and women from villages to the urban cities for searching job without having any skills.
  • To improve the institutional and organizational capacity of DAM in order to respond more adequately to the training needs of the RMG sector and to develop more market oriented services

Overall Project Activities
Identification survey of the potential trainees, recruitment and finalize selection of the participants, provide skills training to the selected participants for garment operators, ensure supply of required materials and logistics, appraisal of the trainees progress, provide technical services and ensure quality of training, provide job placement support, motivate and mobilize employers to contribute in training of operators, distribution of certificates to the graduated trainees.

Outputsà Resultsà Outcome:

Identification of the potential trainees : The project will conduct identification survey at Dhaka and Gazipur sites to identify 30 potential trainees and operators for recruitment and to provide skills development training according to the need and aspirations.

Selection and finalization of the trainees : Admission tests are conducting both in written and oral form for enrollment in the particular trade to test their eligibility, vulnerability and aspiration. Moreover, the selection procedure is finalized through consultation with their parents and guardians. About 100 people are identified for attend in the selection board of skilled operators training courses where about two third will be female candidates,  a total of ( 36 X 2) people of age group range 18-25 are usually  selected for two RVTCs every two months training sessions.

Prioritization: Vulnerability (social & economic), Age between 18 to 25 years, Choice & aspiration on training and employment, People with disability, Divorced or separated, Women headed family members, Under employed & retrenched garment workers are getting priority.

Name  and quantity of the Machines used in the RMG skills development training :  Sweater Knitting Machines-12, Sweater Linking Machines-12 , Garment  Sewing Machine (Single Needle)-10, Garment  Sewing Machine (Double Needle)-02, Over lock Machine- 02, Button Hole Machine- 02, Button stitch-02.  

Profile of the selected participants : The project prepared profile of the selected trainees to know the demographic, financial and vulnerability status like- no earning source  divorced, Garments helper, disabled, separated, Widow, women headed or single earner family member,  Natural disaster effected, Trafficking  Victim  etc.

Training provision & scope of training: The project developed basic skills of the trainees to build them as skilled operator for Sweater, woven and knit garments Machines. Skills development training helps the participants to enhance self confidence and empowerment both socially and economically. Practical training always given emphasis more than 80% time is allocated for practical training. Course duration is 48 days day long training spread over two months, Total training time-384 Hrs, 336 hours allocated for training purpose and 48 hours ie one hour daily for lunch and prayer time.

Graduation & job placement : During the two months training session 72 (36X2) trainees are graduated from the said RMG course Sweater and woven garment. All graduated trainees are getting job in the garments factories in Dhaka Gazipur after completion of their training.

The under privileged young unemployed unskilled  men and women family can be established through receiving training for creating skilled hand to operate and maintain garment machines as perfect skilled garment operators. All the poor youths and workers will enter in the world of work and involved in economic activities. They are directly contributing in their families for increasing family income. Living standards of the under privileged and poor families can be developed. Many of them will be being changing their residence to better places and houses rather than living in the low income areas. All the trained people will become empower socially and economically.

Who the project will serve/is serving (gender disaggregated data if possible by category of recipients):

The project is serving for poor community people of rural district, ie  disadvantaged men and women age between 18 to 25 years, Vulnerable (social & economic), People with disability, Divorced or separated, Women headed family members, under employed & retrenched garment workers.
Project Duration: This is a new initiative of Dhaka Ahsania Mission.

Start date: March 01, 2011

Financial partner (Donor): DAM own.

Project Location/s and number of Field offices: Sarishabari and Dewangonj Upazila of Jamalpur District

Budget with annual breakup: BDT 1,250,000

Number of project staffs and volunteers : 4

Contact Person    : Mr. Md. Shahjahan Mian, Director, TVET

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